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The ECTS - European Credit Transfer System - was developed by the European Commision in order to provide common procedures to guarantee academic recognition of studies abroad.
It provides a way of measuring and comparing learning achievements and transferring them from one institution to another.
ECTS credits are allocated to course units to describe the student workload required to complete them.
They reflect the quantity of work required and by definition 1 credit equals 25 hrs of student work, including lectures, practical works, seminars, tutorials, fieldswork and private study.
ECTS is thus based on a full student workload and not limited to contact hours only.
In ECTS 60 credits represent the workload of an academic year of study; 30 credits corrrespond to a semester and 20 credits correspond to a term.
ECTS credits ensure that the programme will be reasonable in terms of workload for the period of study abroad.

Local grading system
Our local grading system is based on numerical marks which may vary between 18 and 30:
- 18/30 is the minimum pass grade;
- marks between 20-24 correspond to a satisfactory performance (D);
- marks between 25-27 correspond to a good performance (C);
- marks between 28-29 correspond to a very good performance (B);
- 30 corresponds to full marks and a distinction (lode) may be added to this
maximum grade as a mention of special merit (A).

Organization of the courses
Programmes and timetables for individual courses of study can be found on the university web-site( or by contacting ECTS Co-ordinators.

Academic calendar
Courses normally begin in the first week of October with an approximately one month pause during the Christmas holidays (mid Dec. - mid Jan).
Courses usuallly finish in mid June and exams are completed by mid July.


% of succesful students normally achieving the grade

Local Grade Definition
A 10 30
30 e Lode
outstanding performance with only minor errors
B 25 28 - 29 Very good:
above the average standard but with some errors
C 30 25 - 27 Good:
generally sound work with a number of notable errors
D 25 20 - 24 Satisfactory:
fair but with significant short-comings
E 10 18 - 19 Sufficient:
performance meets the minimum criteria
FX - - Fail:
some more work required before the credits can be awarded